Robots The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series

The MIT Press - Technologies have advanced to the point of mass commercialization―Roomba, for example―and adoption by governments―most notably, their use of drones. Jordan points out, public safety, education, professional aspirations, however, economics, that robotics design decisions also embody such nontechnical elements as value judgments, and ethical assumptions, and raise questions that involve law, belief, and human identity.

Given these profound changes to human work and life, Jordan argues that robotics is too important to be left solely to roboticists. In this book, technology analyst john Jordan offers an accessible and engaging introduction to robots and robotics, economic implications, covering state-of-the-art applications, and cultural context.

Robots The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series - Jordan chronicles the prehistory of robots and the treatment of robots in science fiction, and television―from the outsized influence of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein to Isaac Asimov's I, movies, Robot in which Asimov coined the term “robotics”. He offers a guided tour of robotics today, describing the components of robots, the complicating factors that make robotics so challenging, unmanned warfare, and such applications as driverless cars, and robots on the assembly line.

Robots will be neither our slaves nor our overlords; instead, they are rapidly becoming our close companions, working in partnership with us―whether in a factory, on a highway, or as a prosthetic device. We know a lot about c-3po and robocop but not much about Atlas, the industrial workplace, Kiva, or Beam―real-life robots that are reinventing warfare, Motoman, and collaboration.

An accessible and engaging account of robots, covering the current state of the field, the fantasies of popular culture, and implications for life and work. Robots are entering the mainstream.





Machine Learning: The New AI The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series

The MIT Press - It is the basis of the new approach in computing where we do not write programs but collect data; the idea is to learn the algorithms for the tasks automatically from data. Mit Press. Alpaydin then considers some future directions for machine learning and the new field of “data science, ” and discusses the ethical and legal implications for data privacy and security.

. A concise overview of machine learning―computer programs that learn from data―which underlies applications that include recommendation systems, face recognition, and driverless cars. Today, from product recommendations to voice recognition―as well as some we don't yet use everyday, machine learning underlies a range of applications we use every day, including driverless cars.

Machine Learning: The New AI The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series - He describes the basics of machine learning and some applications; the use of machine learning algorithms for pattern recognition; artificial neural networks inspired by the human brain; algorithms that learn associations between instances, with such applications as customer segmentation and learning recommendations; and reinforcement learning, when an autonomous agent learns act so as to maximize reward and minimize penalty.

As computing devices grow more ubiquitous, and as “big data” has gotten bigger, a larger part of our lives and work is recorded digitally, the theory of machine learning―the foundation of efforts to process that data into knowledge―has also advanced. In this book, describing its evolution, machine learning expert Ethem Alpaydin offers a concise overview of the subject for the general reader, explaining important learning algorithms, and presenting example applications.

Alpaydin offers an account of how digital technology advanced from number-crunching mainframes to mobile devices, putting today's machine learning boom in context.





The Internet of Things MIT Press Essential Knowledge series

MIT Press - Our refrigerator alerts us to buy milk on the way home. Mit Press. The cookies themselves are on the shelf because of a “smart” supply chain. Finally, he considers the long-term impact of the IoT on society, narrating an eye-opening “Day in the Life” of IoT connections circa 2025. He explores the industrial internet and machine-to-machine communication, the basis for smart manufacturing and end-to-end supply chain visibility; the growing array of smart consumer devices and services―from Fitbit fitness wristbands to mobile apps for banking; the practical and technical challenges of building the IoT; and the risks of a connected world, including a widening digital divide and threats to privacy and security.

Smart phones, cloud computing, sensors, RFID radio-frequency identification technology, and miniaturization are converging to make possible a new generation of embedded and immersive technology. When we get home, the thermostat has already adjusted the temperature so that it's toasty or bracing, whichever we prefer.

The Internet of Things MIT Press Essential Knowledge series - In this book, samuel greengard offers a guided tour through this emerging world and how it will change the way we live and work. Greengard explains that the Internet of Things IoT is still in its early stages. A package of cookies on the supermarket shelf suggests that we buy it, based on past purchases. A guided tour through the internet of Things, objects, a networked world of connected devices, and people that is changing the way we live and work.





The Technological Singularity The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series

The MIT Press - Shanahan describes technological advances in AI, both biologically inspired and engineered from scratch. Some singularity theorists predict that if the field of artificial intelligence AI continues to develop at its current dizzying rate, the singularity could come about in the middle of the present century.

Shanahan considers what the existence of superintelligent machines could mean for such matters as personhood, rights, responsibility, and identity. Shanahan makes it clear that we need to imagine both possibilities if we want to bring about the better outcome. Mit Press. Whether we believe that singularity is near or far, the very idea raises crucial philosophical and pragmatic questions, likely or impossible, apocalypse or utopia, forcing us to think seriously about what we want as a species.

The Technological Singularity The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series - The idea of technological singularity, and what it would mean if ordinary human intelligence were enhanced or overtaken by artificial intelligence. The idea that human history is approaching a “singularity”―that ordinary humans will someday be overtaken by artificially intelligent machines or cognitively enhanced biological intelligence, or both―has moved from the realm of science fiction to serious debate.

Once human-level ai―theoretically possible, he explains, but difficult to accomplish―has been achieved, the transition to superintelligent AI could be very rapid. Some superhuman aI agents might be created to benefit humankind; some might go rogue. Mit Press.





Neuroplasticity The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series

The MIT Press - He explains how the brain changes during development, and the “synaptic pruning” that takes place before brain maturity. Mit Press. The real story of how our brains and nervous systems change throughout our lifetimes―with or without “brain training. Fifty years ago, neuroscientists thought that a mature brain was fixed like a fly in amber, unable to change.

Each of our brains is custom-built. He shows that adult brains can grow new cells citing, among many other studies, research showing that sexually mature male canaries learn a new song every year. It's not gadgets and games that promise to “rewire your brain” but such sustained cognitive tasks as learning a musical instrument or a new language.

This concept of neuroplasticity has captured the imagination of a public eager for self-improvement―and has inspired countless Internet entrepreneurs who peddle dubious “brain training” games and apps. Mit Press. He describes the kind of brain training that can bring about improvement in brain function.

Neuroplasticity The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series - Today, we know that our brains and nervous systems change throughout our lifetimes. Mit Press. Neuroplasticity is at the heart of what makes us human. In this book, moheb costandi offers a concise and engaging overview of neuroplasticity for the general reader, describing how our brains change continuously in response to our actions and experiences.





Data Science MIT Press Essential Knowledge series

The MIT Press - The book also reviews ethical and legal issues, developments in data regulation, and computational approaches to preserving privacy. Today data science determines the ads we see online, which emails are filtered into our spam folders, the books and movies that are recommended to us online, and even how much we pay for health insurance.

Mit Press. Finally, it considers the future impact of data science and offers principles for success in data science projects. Mit Press. Use of data science is driven by the rise of big data and social media, the development of high-performance computing, and the emergence of such powerful methods for data analysis and modeling as deep learning.

Data Science MIT Press Essential Knowledge series - A concise introduction to the emerging field of data science, explaining its evolution, current uses, relation to machine learning, data infrastructure issues, and ethical challenges. The goal of data science is to improve decision making through the analysis of data. This volume in the mit press essential knowledge series offers a concise introduction to the emerging field of data science, explaining its evolution, current uses, data infrastructure issues, and ethical challenges.

It has never been easier for organizations to gather, store, and process data. It is closely related to the fields of data mining and machine learning, but broader in scope. Mit Press. Data science encompasses a set of principles, problem definitions, algorithms, and processes for extracting non-obvious and useful patterns from large datasets.





Information and Society The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series

The MIT Press - But what does that mean? this volume in the mit press essential Knowledge series offers a concise, documents, records, informal account of the ways in which information and society are related and of our ever-increasing dependence on a complex multiplicity of messages, and data. He explores what individuals and societies do with information; offers a basic summary of how collected documents are arranged and described; considers the nature of naming; explains the uses of metadata; and evaluates selection methods, recall, considering relevance, and precision.

Mit Press. He shows that all this involves human perception, changing technologies, social behavior, and issues of trust. Buckland argues that every society is an “information society”; a “non-information society” would be a contradiction in terms. He examines the physical manifestation of information as documents, the emergence of data sets, and how documents and data are discovered and used.

Information and Society The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series - Mit Press. A short, documents, informal account of our ever-increasing dependence on a complex multiplicity of messages, records, and data. We live in an information society, or so we are often told. Mit Press. Using information in its everyday, nonspecialized sense, the role of communication and recorded information in our daily lives, Michael Buckland explores the influence of information on what we know, and the difficulty or ease of finding information.





The Future MIT Press Essential Knowledge series

MIT Press - Montfort describes the notebook computer as a human-centered alterative to the idea of the computer as a room-sized “giant brain”; speculative practice in design and science fiction; and, throughout, the best ways to imagine and build the future. Mit Press. They were three of the people who made it. Montfort focuses on how the development of technologies―with an emphasis on digital technologies―has been bound up with ideas about the future.

Mit Press. In this volume of the mit press's Essential Knowledge series, Nick Montfort argues that the future is something to be made, not predicted. Montfort offers what he considers essential knowledge about the future, artists, as seen in the work of writers, inventors, and designers mainly in Western culture who developed and described the core components of the futures they envisioned.

The Future MIT Press Essential Knowledge series - Mit Press. Mit Press. Montfort's approach is not that of futurology or scenario planning; instead, he reports on the work of making the future―the thinkers who devoted themselves to writing pages in the unwritten book. Readers learn about kitchens of the future and the vision behind them; literary utopias, from Plato's Republic to Edward Bellamy's Looking Backward and Charlotte Perkins Gilman's Herland; the Futurama exhibit at the 1939 New York World's Fair; and what led up to Tim Berners-Lee's invention of the World Wide Web.

Douglas engelbart, and ted Nelson didn't predict the future of computing, Alan Kay, for instance. How the future has been imagined and made, through the work of writers, artists, inventors, and designers.





Metadata The MIT Press Essential Knowledge series

MIT Press - He discusses the technologies that make modern metadata possible, and he speculates about metadata's future. The mit Press. Because, it's metadata's world, Pomerantz warns us, and we are just living in it. Should people be reassured that the nsa was “only” collecting metadata about phone calls―information about the caller, the recipient, the location―and not recordings of the conversations themselves? Or does phone call metadata reveal more than it seems? In this book, the time, the duration, Jeffrey Pomerantz offers an accessible and concise introduction to metadata.

In the era of ubiquitous computing, metadata has become infrastructural, like the electrical grid or the highway system. We interact with it or generate it every day. Mit Press. It is not, pomerantz tell us, just “data about data. It is a means by which the complexity of an object is represented in a simpler form.

Metadata The MIT Press Essential Knowledge series - Mit Press. Mit Press. When metadata does its job well, it fades into the background; everyone except perhaps the NSA takes it for granted. Pomerantz explains what metadata is, and why it exists.





Cloud Computing The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series: The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series

The MIT Press - It will ease funding for startups, alter business plans, and allow big businesses greater agility. Mit Press. The mit Press. Thus with cloud computing, businesses can harness information technology resources usually available only to large enterprises. Current and future users will find this book an indispensable guide to the cloud.

Why cloud computing represents a paradigm shift for business, and how business users can best take advantage of cloud services. Most of the information available on cloud computing is either highly technical, with details that are irrelevant to non-technologists, or pure marketing hype, in which the cloud is simply a selling point.

Mit Pr. He examines use case patterns in terms of infrastructure and platform, software information, and business process; and he explains how to transition to a cloud service. Mit Press. And this, ruparelia demonstrates, represents a paradigm shift for business. This book, however, explains the cloud from the user's viewpoint―the business user's in particular.

Cloud Computing The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series: The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series - . Nayan ruparelia explains what the cloud is, how to select a cloud service, how to integrate it with other technologies, when to use it and when not to, and what the best practices are for using cloud computing. He introduces novel concepts made possible by cloud computing: cloud cells, or specialist clouds for specific uses; the personal cloud; the cloud of things; and cloud service exchanges.





Computing: A Concise History The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series

The MIT Press - Mit Press. The mit Press. He describes the eniac, the first general purpose computer; and ARPANET, built for scientific and military applications; the UNIVAC, the Internet's precursor. Ceruzzi's account traces the world-changing evolution of the computer from a room-size ensemble of machinery to a “minicomputer” to a desktop computer to a pocket-sized smart phone.

He identifies four major threads that run throughout all of computing's technological development: digitization―the coding of information, ones and zeros; the convergence of multiple streams of techniques, computation, and control in binary form, and machines, yielding more than the sum of their parts; the steady advance of electronic technology, devices, as characterized famously by “Moore's Law”; and the human-machine interface.

Computing: A Concise History The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series - Ceruzzi guides us through computing history, telling how a bell Labs mathematician coined the word “digital” in 1942 to describe a high-speed method of calculating used in anti-aircraft devices, and recounting the development of the punch card for use in the 1890 U. S. In this concise and accessible account of the invention and development of digital technology, computer historian Paul Ceruzzi offers a broader and more useful perspective.

He visits that hotbed of innovation, Silicon Valley, the World Wide Web, and brings the story up to the present with the Internet, and social networking. Census. Mit Press. Mit Press.